The BvS 10 is an All Terrain Armored Vehicle that was designed for the British Royal Marines; it is actually two tracked vehicles linked together by a steering mechanism. Originally the BvS 10 was called VIKING or referred to as the All Terrain Vehicle (protected) or ATV (P). This vehicle was the product of a collaborative effort by Hägglunds Vehicle AB – and the UK Ministry of Defence (MoD). Extensive testing was carried out on the BvS 10 from 2001-2004 under the supervision of Major Jez Hermer MBE RM, after which 108 BvS vehicles were accepted into service; the BvS 10 was first used in operations in Afghanistan in September 2006.
DESIGN OF THE BvS 10
The BvS 10 is a fully amphibious vehicle and is based on the twin-cab and articulated steering system that is typical for all of Hägglunds all-terrain vehicles; it is similar to the Bv 206 and Bv 206S but is a much larger vehicle than the other two older vehicles. The BvS 10 uses a powerful Cummings diesel engine and has greater ground clearance than its predecessors; it also features a newly developed chassis, as well as a new power train and steering unit that increases the vehicles speed and comfort on various terrains. The body of the BvS 10 is made from armored steel and it has rounded edges and smooth contours to make it harder to pick up by radar.
The front cabin of the two-piece vehicle accommodates a driver as well as three fully equipped marines, while the rear cabin can carry eight fully equipped marines or a mortar section, a heavy machine gun section, or a fully equipped anti-tank detachment; however there are variants of the vehicle that carry varying numbers of passengers. The two cabins are fully air-conditioned and can communicate via a two-way voice communications system.
The BvS 10 is also designed so that it can be deployed by all Royal Marines landing crafts; it can then be transported by the C0130 Hercules or C17-Globemaster. The BvS 10 can also be airlifted when it is empty by a RAF Chinook helicopter, or its two sections can be separated in 20 minutes and transported by a Merlin helicopter.
FEATURES OF THE BvS 10
The BvS 10 can carry up to 5 tons, and various modular sub-systems can be added to it such as add-on armor, cargo platforms, weapon mounts, and a load-changer. The BvS 10 can ford through water up to 5 ft. deep without any previous preparation, and can swim in deeper water if prior preparations are made such as closing holes and fitting it with a front vane; travelling in water the BvS 10 can travel up to 5 km/h while on flat terrain it can travel at over 80km/h.
Typically the BvS 10 does not come in contact with hostile troops because of where it operates, however it is equipped to defend itself in the event that it does come under fire. The front cabin has a ring mount for a 12.7mm heavy machine gun or a 7.62 machine gun; smoke dischargers or grenades can also be fired by the driver or commander.